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Illegal Wildlife Trafficking: Chapter 9

We’ve compiled a  spreadsheet containing major reports, key groups, databases, and stories to help you investigative illegal wildlife trafficking.

This table is a list of major reports, key groups, examples of investigative journalism, and relevant databases on illegal Wildlife Trafficking. The collection is part of GIJN’s Illegal Wildlife Trafficking guide, which can be found here. Suggestions for additions to the collection are welcome. Please email hello@gijn.org.

NameDateDescription
United Nations Conference
on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Data on global imports and exports of biodiversity-based products2022It comprises a database of trade statistics on biodiversity-based products and a web site with interactive maps and charts on how countries import and export them.
World Health OrganizationReducing public health risks associated with the sale of live wild animals of mammalian species in traditional food markets2021WHO, OIE, and UNEP call on national competent authorities to suspend the trade in live-caught wild animals of mammalian species for food or breeding purposes and close sections of food markets selling live-caught wild animals of mammalian species as an emergency measure.
UN Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC)World Wildlife Crime Report2020The second edition of the World Wildlife Crime Report takes stock of the present wildlife crime situation with a focus on illicit trafficking of specific protected species of wild fauna and flora, and provides a broad assessment of the nature and extent of the problem at the global level. It includes a quantitative market assessment and a series of in-depth, illicit trade case studies: rosewood, ivory and rhino horn, pangolin scales, live reptiles, big cats, and eels. In addition, value chains and illicit financial flows from the trade in ivory and rhino horn are presented.
UN Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC)Annual Report: Global Progamme for Combating Wildlife and Forest Crime2020An overview of efforts to combat wildlife crime during the past year.
Financial Action Task Force (FATF)Money Laundering and the Illegal Wildlife Trade2020This report draws on inputs and case studies from over 50 countries from across the FATF Global Network and observers, as well as civil society and the United for Wildlife Financial Taskforce.
Convention on Biological DiversityThe fifth edition of Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO-5)2020"A report card on progress against the 20 global biodiversity targets agreed in 2010 with a 2020 deadline, and offers lessons learned and best practices for getting on track."
US State Department2022 END Wildlife Trafficking Strategic Review2021The latest annual report. Also see US State Department's Wildlife Trafficking Strategic Review.
World Health OrganizationBiodiversity & Infectious Diseases Questions & Answers2020An informative Q&A
United Nations Drugs and Crime (UNODC)Darknet Cybercrime Threats to Southeast Asia2021The report assesses the dark web from the viewpoints of users, criminals, and law enforcement with a particular focus on cybercrime targeting countries in Southeast Asia. Includes a section on wildlife crime.
World Customs OrganizationIllicit Trade Report2020Written in partnership with the NGO C4ADS, this is an analysis of global customs seizure as reported to WCO for 2019. The report includes a subsection on seizures. Also see annual reports from 2016-2018
World BankIllegal Logging, Fishing, and Wildlife Trade: The Costs And How to Combat It2019The real costs of illegal logging, fishing, and wildlife trade, which the bank estimates at "$1 trillion or more per year."
World BankAnalysis of International Funding to Combat Wildlife Trafficking2019Analysis found that roughly $260 million/year was spent on average from 2010 – 18 to combat illegal wildlife trade in 67 African and Asian countries.
CITESReport on the Elephant Trade Information System (ETIS)2019Detailed report on ETIS
The OECD Task-Force for Countering Illicit Trade (TFCIT) The Illegal Wildlife Trade in Southeast Asia2019This report details the findings of research conducted throughout 2018, documenting evidence collected from field interviews, desk research, and data collection on institutional capacities to counter illegal wildlife trade. This study focused on four countries: Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
The OECD Task-Force for Countering Illicit Trade Strengthening Governance and Reducing Corruption Risks to Tackle Illegal Wildlife Trade (2018)2018"This report provides a structured analysis of how corruption facilitates wildlife crime based on research in four source and transit countries in East and Southern Africa. It offers a series of specific recommendations targeted at national governments, donors, and intergovernmental organisations to address the issues of corruption and the illegal wildlife trade."
CITESThe CITES Virtual CollegeUndatedA collection of online training resources, including courses, and country-by-county identification materials.
UN Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC)Enhancing the Detection, Investigation, and Disruption of Illicit Financial Flows from Wildlife Crime2017Based on a survey of countries. "As the following findings show, the majority of jurisdictions are not moving fast enough to keep up
with the crisis. There is a widespread lack of political will to fully prioritise and manage wildlife crime on par with the scale and urgency of the issue."
The United Nation's Enviironmental Programmme (UNEP/INTERPOL)The Rise of Environmental Crime2016A major report on IWT.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations Wildlife Enforcement Network (ASEAN-WEN)ASEAN Handbook on Legal Cooperation to Combat Wildlife Crime2016"Provides a regional overview of the similarities and differences in the national legal frameworks that criminalize varoius wildlife and forest activities, particularly wildlife trafficking across the ASEAN region."
The United Nation's Enviironmental Programmme (UNEP/INTERPOL)/INTERPOLStrategic Report: Environment, Peace and Security – A Convergence of Threats2016This report "elaborates on the issue of crime convergence, by exploring the links between environmental crime and a wide range of other criminal activities, such as organized crime or terrorism."

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Material from GIJN’s website is generally available for republication under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International license. Images usually are published under a different license, so we advise you to use alternatives or contact us regarding permission. Here are our full terms for republication. You must credit the author, link to the original story, and name GIJN as the first publisher. For any queries or to send us a courtesy republication note, write to hello@gijn.org.

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