May 7, 2013

Less than 14% of World Lives in Countries with Free Press

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Freedom of the Press 2013

Map of Freedom of the Press 2013. Freedom House

The percentage of the global population living in countries with a free press is at the lowest level in more than a decade, according to the findings of Freedom of the Press 2013: A Global Survey of Media Independence, a new report by the Washington, D.C.-based nonprofit Freedom House. The report found that just 14 percent of the world’s population — about one in six people—live in societies “where coverage of political news is robust, the safety of journalists is guaranteed, state intrusion in media affairs is minimal, and the press is not subject to onerous legal or economic pressures.”

global average scores

Worldwide trend in press freedom: an overall decline. Freedom House

The overall decline in press freedom is highlighted by various cases. As a region, Latin America experienced a further tightening of controls on the media, led by Ecuador and Paraguay, which dropped from Party Free to Not Free. Moreover, there was an important downturn in Mali and a significant deterioration in Greece. The report also notes uneven conditions in the Middle East in 2012, which again ranked as the world’s worst region for press freedom.

Freedom House

Status by country and population. Freedom House

The report surveyed 197 countries and territories during 2012, which were rated Free, Partly Free, and Not Free. The groups broke down almost equally in thirds. There were 63 (32 percent) rated Free, 70 (36 percent) rated Partly Free, and 64 (32 percent) rated Not Free. The numbers marked a clear shift toward the Not Free category over 2011, which identified 66 Free, 72 Partly Free, and 59 Not Free countries and territories.

The eight worst-rated countries: Belarus, Cuba, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Iran, North Korea, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.

This is the 33rd year of the Freedom House survey, making it the oldest of various indexes that measure press freedom. (Other surveys include IREX’s Media Sustainability Index and Reporters Without Borders’ Press Freedom Index). The survey is based on an extensive questionnaire submitted to country experts, and a scoring system that assigns a numeric rating to a country’s level of press freedom.  The index is privately funded, with support from various U.S. and European foundations and individual donors.

Below you can find some key infographics drawn from the report:

This infographic highlights countries with notable developments for press freedom during the past year.

Freedom House

This infographic highlights countries with notable developments for press freedom during the past year.

Regional Trends

Americas and CEE/Eurasia average scores. Freedom House


Middle East and North Africa versus Asia-Pacific. Freedom House


Press Freedom in Western Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa. Freedom House

One thought on “Less than 14% of World Lives in Countries with Free Press

  1. CounCounting most of the Western world as having a “free press” is incredibly misleading when vast tracts of it suffer corporate capture.

    A truer measure of a truly free press would be to survey how many newsrooms enjoy charters of editorial independence, and, provide the media accountability mechanisms to monitor their adherence.

    Alternatively, we can accept that measures like these contrast, sharply, with public trust surveys which show ‘journalists’ in these supposedly free press countries rank down with the used car salesmen and politicians.

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