La loi française no78-753 du 17 juillet 1978, dite loi CADA, est encore mal connue et peu utilisée par les journalistes. Celle-ci permet (en théorie) d’avoir accès à de nombreuses informations considérées comme devant légitimement être ouvertes au public. Dans cet article, le data-journaliste Alexandre Léchenet livre les différentes méthodes pouvant être utilisées par les journalistes pour accéder à ces documents.
Getting information from official or unofficial sources lies at the heart of investigative journalism. This section of the GIJN/NAJA guide covers:
How to make official requests for information
How to work with whistleblowers
How to protect yourself
Using Access Laws to Get Information
Information laws are key prying devices in the investigative toolkit. However, the unique legal status of Indigenous governmental bodies may result in unique challenges when pursuing open information requests with these entities. The freedom of information laws of the United States and Canada do not cover tribal nations and few tribes have adopted their own access laws. There are also nuances in national laws.
This guide is created to encourage Indigenous investigative journalists and to provide empowering tips and tools. Developed collaboratively by the Global Investigative Journalism Network (GIJN) and the Native American Journalists Association (NAJA), the guide explores eight key topics. The entries include background information, examples of investigative work, suggestions for stories, and resources for information. The chapters include:
Data Journalism on Indigenous Communities
Land Ownership: Community Rights Under Threat
Investigating Criminal Justice
Exposing Exploitation and Corruption
Covering the Climate Crisis
Investigating Murdered or Missing Persons
Indigenous Data Sovereignty
Getting Documents, Dealing with Whistleblowers, and Staying Safe
In conjunction with the introduction of this guide, a training/networking program is being held for Indigenous journalists from eight countries at the Global Investigative Journalism Conference in Hamburg, Germany, September 26-29, 2019. This guide was written by GIJN Resource Center Director Toby McIntosh.
Public records sometimes say the darnedest things. One example: A declassified memo from 1977 shows that the NSA wondered if psychics could nuke cities so that they became lost in time and space (yes, like in the post-apocalyptic anime Akira). Other times, it’s what they don’t say — like when the FBI found it necessary to redact the name of Superman’s alter-ego, Clark Kent.
After nine years and over 60,000 requests, MuckRock — the Massachusetts-based news site that specializes in using the US Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) — has been witness to some pretty impressive efforts to keep public information from the public. In the spirit of Sunshine Week, they compiled some of the weirdest, wildest and downright hilarious redactions they’ve received since launching in 2010.
For over 50 years, the Central Intelligence Agency kept a tasty secret: a translated copy of the Soviet Army’s 1948 “Manual for the Cook-Instructor of the Ground Forces in Peacetime,” complete with borscht recipes.
More than 115 countries worldwide have laws that require officials to turn over public records. Of course, even in the countries that have no laws it never hurts to ask. But there’s an advantage to using an access law — variously called freedom of information laws, access to information laws, right to information and right to know laws. There are many resources for journalists seeking to file records requests in countries with laws governing access to information. To help exploit these legal tools, we’ve lined up GIJN’s Complete Global Guide to Freedom of Information, a resource with three sections:
Tips and Tricks: A collection of the best advice on how to use access laws.
How can a journalist request Federal Bureau of Investigation’s files on an individual? MuckRock’s JPat Brown prepared a useful step-by-step flowchart guide for all scenarios to help you make sure you’ve gathered all the materials you need before you file that FOIA.