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NYT Maps Impact of Roe Abortion Ruling
NYT Maps Impact of Roe Abortion Ruling

Image: Screenshot



Data Journalism Top 10: Abortion Ban Burdens, China Surveillance, Heat Wave Threats, and Russia’s Degraded Army

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NYT Maps Impact of Roe Abortion Ruling

The New York Times mapped the distances to the nearest abortion clinic after the US Supreme Court reversed the Roe v. Wade decision. Image: ScreenshotA highlight from the world of data journalism this week looked at how a new US Supreme Court ruling is impacting travel times for women seeking abortions in clinics or hospitals around that country. Our weekly NodeXL and human curation of the most popular data journalism stories on Twitter also examines visualizations showing China’s intensifying surveillance of its population, the impact of heat waves on fragile populations in Germany, the state of the Russian army, and gender differences among speeches in Zurich’s parliament.

How Abortion Bans Will Ripple across America

Since the landmark Roe v. Wade precedent was overturned, abortion is no longer a federal right in the US, and nine states immediately banned the medical practice based on pre-existing “trigger” laws. These interactive maps developed by The New York Times show the impact of these bans on possible travel times for women in different regions who seek an abortion. The newspaper mapped the distance and time according to different scenarios: before the precedent was overturned; after it was overturned; if 13 states in total banned abortion; and a final scenario, in which Florida, Virginia, and Kansas would also ban abortion, which would result in 24 million women being more than 200 miles (322 kilometers) from a facility.

US Supreme Court’s History of Overturned Rulings

Quartz also updated a chart made in December, visualizing all the decisions overturned since 1800 by the US Supreme Court. According to this analysis, the court has overturned only 233 of its previous decisions in 232 years of history. For more recent context, between 1946 and 2020, the court rendered 9,095 decisions, but overturned just 161, or less than 2%. Besides this month’s Dobbs case that reversed the Roe v. Wade precedent, other major decisions that overturned past rulings include Adler v. Board in 1967 (which allowed schools to fire teachers who belonged to “subversive organizations”) and Lawrence v. Texas in 2003 (so-called sodomy laws that effectively criminalized sex between two men).

Showing Gender Inequity with Sound

The Swiss daily Neue Zürcher Zeitung analyzed speeches by the Zurich Parliament’s councilors, and compared those by men and women. According to their analysis — despite the greater representation of women in parliament — men still speak more often, even though women are more active than their male colleagues, and, on average, make more parliamentary proposals. To study these interactions, NZZ automated the analysis of 1,100 official meeting reports and 10,600 interactions over the past 20 years, made available by the Cantonal Council in PDF format. To capture this gender inequity, the newspaper produced a sound data visualization reflecting in music the differences in intervention between men and women in parliament.

China’s Surveillance State Is Growing

For over a year, The New York Times analyzed 100,000 Chinese government bidding documents collected and shared by ChinaFile, a digital magazine published by the Asia Society. They reveal how China is collecting vast amounts of personal data from its population, and is willing to intensify this strategy in the future. This visual investigation details the tools used by that government to surveil its population — cameras, phone trackers, facial recognition — and which types of data are collected, like its citizens’ iris patterns and male DNA. In one document about the latter, it reveals a police description of the intensity of this surveillance: “Do not miss a single family in each village, do not miss a single male in each family.”

Sorry State of Russia’s Army

This data story from the independent Russian investigative site IStories analyzes the state of the Russian army four months into its invasion of Ukraine. According to this analysis — which combines open source data, official Russian, Ukrainian, American, and British assessments, and data from the Oryx project — one of the world’s most powerful militaries prior to the start of the invasion has been significantly degraded, and could require years to regain its previous potential. In several visualizations, IStories provides extensive estimates on the losses of equipment such as tanks, armored vehicles, drones, and guns.

No-Bid Contracts in Latin America

The Network of Journalists of Latin America for Transparency and Anticorruption (Red Palta) investigated how public resources are invested in mental health medications in Central and South America. Thanks to freedom of information requests and public databases, the collaborative group accessed and analyzed sales contracts signed between 2017 and 2021 in five countries: Argentina, Chile, Guatemala, Peru, and Uruguay. According to the information obtained, the majority of psychotropic drugs are acquired in processes that only have single bidders, or where subsidiaries of the same group participate. The research also illustrates the limited mental health budgets allocated by these governments.

Heat Waves in Germany

A project by Germany’s Zeit Online analyzed data from the nation’s weather service for the past 50 years to show how heat spikes are particularly dangerous for elderly or sick people, and cause the deaths of thousands of people every year. The analysis shows how a crucial national and international topic can be brought to light with local data, while also telling the stories of the human lives behind the data. The report also reveals how unprepared German authorities seem to be for the local consequences of global warming.

Counting Italy’s Monumental Trees

The Italian site Il Post took an interest in the country’s monumental trees, classified as those that are a “rare example of majesty and longevity, presenting a particular naturalistic value due to the rarity of the species, or constituting a precise reference to events or relevant memories from a historical point of view.” Since 2017, the Ministry of Agricultural and Forestry Policies has made an inventory of those trees and, according to the last census in 2021, there are now 3,662 of them throughout the country. Il Post geolocated these trees and, according to its visualization, the regions with the highest number of trees are the island of Sardinia (410), followed by Friuli-Venezia Giulia in the northeast (334), and Abruzzo east of Rome (298).

Describing Sounds

Try to describe sounds and you’ll soon notice that we don’t have many words to describe them. The Sound Atlas project, created by Dutch organizations aifoon and SMAK — with help from blind and visually impaired people — wants to do something about this. The site aims to stimulate internet users to imagine sounds and find words for them on the basis of a public survey, and allows these results to be monitored in real time.

Identifying Map Projections

If you see a map and need to replicate it — but don’t know how it was created — Clara Dealberto, data designer at WeDoData, recommends this tool, which allows users to know the projection of any map. She explains how to use it in the following thread (in French).

Thanks again to Marc Smith and Harald Meier of Connected Action for gathering the links and graphing them. The Top Ten #ddj list is curated weekly.

Marthe Rubio is GIJN’s French editor. After working for five years in Spain and Argentina, she is now based in France. She worked for two years on the data team of Argentina’s La Nacion. She has also published in Slate and Libération and worked as a correspondent in Buenos Aires for French newspapers Le Figaro and Mediapart.

For a look at NodeXL’s mapping on #ddj and data journalism on Twitter, check out this map.

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